Rules of conduct of the International Federation of
Ski (FIS) for skiers and snowboarders (version July 2002)

1.- Respect for others.
The skier or snowboarder must behave in a way that does not endanger or harm others.

2.- Control of speed and way of skiing or sliding.
The skier or snowboarder must ski in a controlled manner. You must adapt your speed and way of skiing or gliding to your personal ability and to the general conditions of the terrain, snow and weather, as well as the density of traffic on the slopes.

3.- Priority.
The skier or snowboarder advancing from behind must choose his route in such a way that he does not endanger the skier or snowboarder ahead.

4.- Overtakings.
Overtaking can be done from above or below, right or left, but always in such a way that sufficient space is left to prevent the voluntary or involuntary evolution of the skier or snowboarder ahead.

5.- Incorporation to tracks, start of the slide and turns upwards.
Every skier or snowboarder who joins a marked piste, resumes his march after stopping or evolves upwards, must look up and down the piste to ensure that he can do so without danger to himself or to third parties.

6.- Stops on tracks.
Unless absolutely necessary, the skier or snowboarder should avoid stopping in narrow passages or with reduced visibility on the slopes. In the event of a fall in these places, you must move aside and clear the track as soon as possible.

7.- Climbs and descents on foot.
The skier or snowboarder who ascends or descends on foot must do so on the side of the piste.

8.- Respect for beacons and signaling.
The skier or snowboarder must respect all signs and beacons.

9.- Provision of aid.
In the event of an accident, every skier or snowboarder has the responsibility to provide relief.

10.- ID.
All skiers or snowboarders who witness an accident, whether or not they are responsible for it, must identify themselves and exchange names and addresses.

General comments on the FIS rules (redaction July 2002)
Skiing and snowboarding, like all sports, carry risks.
The FIS Rules should be considered as an ideal role model for the responsible skier and snowboarder and its objective is to avoid accidents on the slopes.
The FIS rules apply to all skiers and snowboarders, who must know and respect them. When the non-observance of these rules causes an accident, the author may be considered civil or criminally liable.
Rule 1. The skier and snowboarder are responsible not only for their own conduct, but also for their faulty equipment. This also applies to those who use the latest generation materials.
Rule 2. Collisions are usually caused by excessive speed, uncontrolled behavior or insufficient attention to traffic on the track. The skier and snowboarder must be able to stand, turn, or move within their field of vision. You should drive slowly in saturated areas or places where visibility is poor and especially at grade changes, at the end of the slopes and at the accesses to the ski lifts.
Rule 3. Skiing and snowboarding are freely evolving sports where everyone can go wherever they please, respecting these rules and adapting their way of skiing to their personal abilities and to the existing conditions in the mountains.
The skier or snowboarder ahead is preferred. The skier or snowboarder who slides behind another in the same direction must maintain a sufficient distance between himself and the other skier or snowboarder, so as to leave sufficient space for the preceding skier to move freely.
Rule 4. A skier or snowboarder overtaking another assumes responsibility for completing the maneuver without causing any difficulty to the skier or snowboarder ahead. This rule applies even when passing a stopped skier or snowboarder.
Rule 5. Experience shows that access to a track or restart of descent after a stop can be the cause of accidents. It is therefore absolutely necessary that the skier or snowboarder in this situation, access the piste without causing obstructions and without danger to himself or others.
Once the glide has been restarted – albeit slowly – the skier or snowboarder benefits from the priority provided in Rule 3 compared to other faster skiers and snowboarders coming from above or behind.
The development of carving skis and snowboards allows your skiers to make turns uphill on the slopes. In this case, the skiers move in the opposite direction to the general descent movement. It is therefore mandatory that they ensure in advance that they can do so without causing danger to themselves or others.
Rule 6. Except on wide tracks, stops must be made at the edges of the track. It should not be stopped in narrow places or where it is difficult to be seen from above.
Rule 7. Movement in the opposite direction to that of general circulation creates unpredictable obstacles for skiers and snowboarders.
Footprints damage the piste and are dangerous for skiers and snowboarders.
Rule 8. The tracks are marked according to their decreasing degree of difficulty in black, red, blue and green. The skier or snowboarder is free to choose the track he wants.
The tracks are also equipped with other signs that indicate direction or warn of dangers or closure. The signs of closure of the track or warning of danger must be imperatively respected. Skiers and snowboarders must assume that warning signs are posted in their own interest.
Rule 9. A fundamental principle for all athletes requires providing assistance in the event of an accident, regardless of any legal obligation. It consists of providing first aid to the injured person, alerting the rescue service and signaling the accident site to alert other skiers and snowboarders.
The FIS expects the skier or snowboarder who flees without identifying himself after causing an accident to incur criminal responsibility, as happens with traffic accidents and that all countries where their legislation has not yet criminalized it, end up imposing equivalent sanctions .
Rule 10. Witnesses are of great importance to write a complete and accurate report of an accident, so everyone must fulfill this moral duty of a responsible person and report as a witness.
The reports from the rescue services and the police, as well as the photos, help considerably to determine the possible responsibilities.

Rules of conduct of the International Federation of
Ski (FIS) for cross-country skiers (version July 2002)

Respect for others.
The cross-country skier must ski in a way that does not endanger or harm others.

Respect of the signaling, direction and ski technique.
The skier must respect the signs, so that he advances only in the direction and with the indicated ski technique.

Choice of track and trace.
On cross-country tracks with more than one trace, the skier must circulate along the trace on his right. Group skiers should stay on the trail to their right, one behind the other. Skiers using freestyle must stay on the right side of the piste.

Overtakings.
Overtaking can be made from the right or from the left, but the skier ahead is not obliged to give way to the one who is passing him, although he must allow a faster skier to overtake him whenever possible.

Crosses.
The cross-country skier crossing another skier in the opposite direction must remain on the right side. The descending skier has priority.

Poles.
The cross-country skier should keep his poles close to his body whenever he approaches another skier.

Speed control.
The cross-country skier, and especially on downhill slopes, must adapt his speed to his ski level, the conditions of the piste, the visibility and the degree of saturation of the piste. The skier must maintain a safe distance from the skiers ahead of him. As a last resort, you must opt for a voluntary fall to avoid a collision.

Stops.
The skier who stops must leave the trail. In the event of a fall, you must clear the trace without delay.

Accidents.
In the event of an accident, every skier has a duty to provide relief.

ID.
Every skier involved in an accident, whether as a witness, responsible or not, must clearly identify himself.